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Aphanius mento

Aphanius mento
Black Persian Minnow
This species has something of a confused history having been previously been considered synonymous with both A. sophiae (a separate species native to Iraq and Iran) and A. cypris (currently considered a junior synonym of Aphanius mento). Although some populations occur close to and even sympatric with other members of the genus in Turkey phylogenetic studies have shown it to be more closely-related to the Middle Eastern species A. dispar dispar, A. d. richardsoni, A. ginaonis and A. sirhani . It's considered to be one of the more ancient species of Aphanius having diverged from the ancestor of the A. dispar group between 25 - 28 million years ago and is arguably the most attractive so has found greater popularity in the hobby than its relatives.