Vieja maculicauda


Vieja maculicauda
Black Belt Cichlid
胭脂火口
A large growing, relatively aggressive cichlid. Males are larger and heavier bodied than the females. If more than one, adult individual is to be kept in the (home-sized) aquarium, stock as established, compatible pairs in minimum sized, six foot long tanks to curb aggression problems. Colorful adults will all typically display the black, lateral band down each flank giving this species justification for it's namesake, 'Black Belt'.

胭脂火口算是美洲慈鲷中非常高雅的品种了,虽然不是非常艳丽,但满身淡蓝色的鳞片,以及整齐的天地线(因此英文俗称Black Belt Cichlid,黑带鲷),会使其看起来非常高雅。其胭脂的名称,来源于腮部下缘的胭脂红色,特别值得注意的是纯种胭脂并不会红头,现在市场上有部分胭脂头部如同紫红火口一样透着红色,那样的个体肯定是血统不纯的杂交个体。
成鱼之公鱼额头会隆起,但不会很巨大,是类似于紫红火口的大肉头。
胭脂属於大型的南美慈鲷,通常只是静静地停留在某一角落,但是在繁殖季节时会变得比较暴躁凶猛,有时会打到别的鱼遍体鳞伤。在人工环境下,只要避免成对饲养,完全可与其他中美洲大型慈鲷混养。当然如果想在混养条件下繁殖,还是选择尽量大的水族箱为妙。

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