Heros efasciatus


Heros efasciatus
Severum Cichlid
菠萝

Green Severum
青菠萝

Gold Severum
金菠萝

Red Spotted Severum
红点菠萝

Rotkeil Severum
野生菠萝

The common severum, Heros efaciatus , is a freshwater tropical cichlid native to the Amazon region in South America. It is commonly found in the aquarium trade, often in its gold colored variation rather than the wild-type olive green one. The gold coloration appears to be caused by a single gene and is recessive to the green variation. There has been mention of certain "specialized" types of severums for sale in some aquarium stores. One of these variations is the "Red Spotted" severum. The severum is also known as banded cichlid.
Severums in the aquarium trade are often mislabeled as Heros severus but are almost always Heros efasciatus, usually a mix of regional specimens such as Sp. Belem or hybrids with Heros Notatus, Heros Appendiculatus or Heros Sp. Rotkeil, very rarely if at all with Heros Severus, as Severus have very different breeding behaviors.
As an aquarium fish, the severum is a relatively mild-tempered cichlid, although aggression is not uncommon. It grows to a length of 15-25 cm, is omnivorous, but will benefit from vegetable matter in its diet. Courgette, peas, and lettuce will be eaten with relish, as will commercially available herbivore foods. If sufficient green-matter is not included in its diet, it may eat aquarium plants. It can get along well with much smaller fish in a community aquarium - however it may eat fish that are small enough to fit into its mouth. When mating, severums become very aggressive and territorial. The pair will guard several hundred eggs. Unlike Angel fish, Heros efaciatus lays their clutch of eggs on a horizontal surface, rather than vertical. This is usually on a flat piece of slate, driftwood, or a round rock. The parents will tend to the eggs very carefully, eating the dead ones, and aerating the live eggs.
In general, this is a hardy and robust fish with lots of character. However, it does require a fairly large aquarium, with the usual neotropical cichlid requirements of good biological filtration and sound husbandry. Decor is not generally important, but the fish can be shy without some hiding places to retreat to, and care should be taken to ensure any rocks included do not harden the water too much as the fish originates from soft acidic water

又叫菠萝鱼和西付罗鱼、庄严丽体鱼、斑眼花鲈。原产圭亚那、巴西和亚马逊河流域等地。该鱼体侧扁,呈椭圆形,体长15~25厘米,基色为黄绿色,眼大呈金红色,嘴上有小红点,色彩多变,布有黑色条纹。背鳍和臀鳍延伸至尾柄,尾鳍弧形,胸鳍如小扇。菠萝鱼体强健,平时性情温和,只在繁殖期时变得凶猛,所以,以单品种饲养较为稳妥。 

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