Apistogramma gibbiceps

Apistogramma gibbiceps
Black Line Apistogramma
Apistogramma gibbiceps is a slender bodied Apisto that is the type species for the Apistogramma gibbiceps group Apistogramma gibbiceps was first described by Meinken in 1969. Unfortunately, it seems that the fish that he used for the original description were deformed from being maintained in an aquarium for some period of time before the description was made. The fish that Meinken used for his description had a very prominent skull deformities that caused him to give them the species name gibbiceps that means "rams head" or "hump head".
Today Apisto gibbiceps is readily recognized but there is still some naming confusion, particularly concerning the status of A. roraimae which may very well be nothing more than a variant of A. gibbiceps. Additionally, there is disagreement as to whether the fish that Uwe Romer described as A. personata are actually A. gibbiceps. Only additional field collection and lab studies will yield the answers.
Apistogramma gibbiceps are found throughout the upper and middle Rio Negro. This is a vast area and within it there are found a lot of variability in the coloration of the fish and some forms are spectacular. Their native waters are generally very soft, acid and clear. They are not generally found in the extreme blackwater habitats but are highly adaptable. They adapt well to most dwarf cichlid aquarium conditions. It has been noted that they adapt well to cooler waters 

栖息在尼格罗河和布朗可河,体型略显细长。特征是成熟雄鱼背鳍的前5棘较长,尾鳍的上下软棘成线状延长。体侧还有粗粗的侧线,而侧线下一条条平行斜纹的特征,使得幼鱼时的它们很容易与其它短鲷做区别。虽然不同种类有些许差异,但是平时所能见到的幼鱼体色较朴素,成熟雄鱼在争斗时各个鱼鳍会成浓烈的胭脂色,非常容易辨认。与其它短鲷相同,黑间短鲷每条鱼都会有个体的差异,其中以蓝色、黄色、红色等色彩较为知名。而红色个体颊部的红色实在太突出了,简直就像是其它品种,故取名为红头黑间短鲷Apistogramma gibbiceps red,市场上也以此种最受欢迎,偶尔会有德国繁殖的个体进口,这些都是利用红色色彩较浓烈的当地采集个体交配而成的后代,扬色技术的发达使它们的色彩更加绚丽夺目。