Apistogramma borellii

Apistogramma borellii
Borelli Apistogramma
Apistogramma borellii are beautiful dwarf cichlids from the Amazon basin. Apistogramma borellii have a large range that includes a variety of water types. They are found in the Paraguay, Parana & Uruguay drainages in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. These areas represent some of the most southern regions in which Apistos are found. Consequently, the fish from these areas are exposed to cooler water temperatures than most Apistogrammas. In fact, Apistogramma borellii have been found living in waters at a minimum temperature of 44 degrees F (6.5C)
Apistogramma Borellii are a polychromatic species. That is, they are found in a variety of different color patterns and in many cases a single population will produce several distinct variants. In the wild, there are many forms some of which are particularly colorful. Some individual males with vivid red streaking on their faces are truly spectacular. At times these colorful races have been assigned trade names, including the common Apistogramma sp "Opal". This has not helped with the confusion surrounding the name of this species which, for many years, was commonly known in the hobby under the wrong name.
Apistogramma Borellii was first described by Regan in 1906.and was subsequently misidentified as A. ritensis, A. rondoni, A reitzigi and finally as A. aequipinnus in 1938. Of course each scientist that described this species thought he had the valid description and there were many misidentification of this fish. However, by the late 1930's it became commonly accepted that the correct name for this fish should be A. reitzigi and the fish was universally accepted as such. To further complicate matters, in 1961 Apistogramma cacatoides was mistakenly identified in Thus we faced a situation where A. borellii was commonly known by a wrong name and a wrong fish was commonly known as A. borellii. This situation lasted until the 1983 when Kullander reexamined the original material and was able to properly name these fish.

Generally, these are great dwarfs. They are wonderful in a community and are usually rather peaceful. A tank with a half dozen or more colorful males will provide hours of visual enjoyment. However, if you want this type of multiple male display you must make sure that the tank is large enough and there is enough cover so that weaker fish can always escape. Also, this will usually work best if you have at least a half dozen males so the the aggression is spread throughout the tank.