Apistogramma borellii


Apistogramma borellii
Borelli Apistogramma
黄金短鯛
Apistogramma borellii are beautiful dwarf cichlids from the Amazon basin. Apistogramma borellii have a large range that includes a variety of water types. They are found in the Paraguay, Parana & Uruguay drainages in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. These areas represent some of the most southern regions in which Apistos are found. Consequently, the fish from these areas are exposed to cooler water temperatures than most Apistogrammas. In fact, Apistogramma borellii have been found living in waters at a minimum temperature of 44 degrees F (6.5C)
Apistogramma Borellii are a polychromatic species. That is, they are found in a variety of different color patterns and in many cases a single population will produce several distinct variants. In the wild, there are many forms some of which are particularly colorful. Some individual males with vivid red streaking on their faces are truly spectacular. At times these colorful races have been assigned trade names, including the common Apistogramma sp "Opal". This has not helped with the confusion surrounding the name of this species which, for many years, was commonly known in the hobby under the wrong name.
Apistogramma Borellii was first described by Regan in 1906.and was subsequently misidentified as A. ritensis, A. rondoni, A reitzigi and finally as A. aequipinnus in 1938. Of course each scientist that described this species thought he had the valid description and there were many misidentification of this fish. However, by the late 1930's it became commonly accepted that the correct name for this fish should be A. reitzigi and the fish was universally accepted as such. To further complicate matters, in 1961 Apistogramma cacatoides was mistakenly identified in Thus we faced a situation where A. borellii was commonly known by a wrong name and a wrong fish was commonly known as A. borellii. This situation lasted until the 1983 when Kullander reexamined the original material and was able to properly name these fish.

Generally, these are great dwarfs. They are wonderful in a community and are usually rather peaceful. A tank with a half dozen or more colorful males will provide hours of visual enjoyment. However, if you want this type of multiple male display you must make sure that the tank is large enough and there is enough cover so that weaker fish can always escape. Also, this will usually work best if you have at least a half dozen males so the the aggression is spread throughout the tank. 

体型较同属的鱼种来得浑圆些,因产地不同使体色也有所差别,有时候一个地区就能产生不同的变种。一些雄性身上的红色条纹和脸花都十分丰富,一般可分为两种:一种是头部呈黄色,体侧带有闪烁蓝光的亚马逊河系产品种;一种是鳃盖具有红蓝相间斑点的小型巴拉圭河系产品种。体表美丽,成熟雄鱼的背鳍既大又长,可完全伸展开来,尤其是呈黄金光泽的头部是焦点所在。肉食性,会接受各种饵料。
  人工鱼很难保持野生鱼所拥有的迷人的色彩,这可能和人工条件无法提供他们像野生状态下那样丰富的食物有关。事实上黄金短鲷忍受低温的能力要比其的Apistogramma强,它们在野生环境中,有在6.5摄氏度的水中被发现。
  黄金短鲷的繁殖相对非常容易,虽然他们能够忍受不同的水质,但是弱酸性软水能够使他们体现出最好的状态。他们平时的适宜温度相对其他apisto属的短鲷来说要底,22~26度是他们的理想生长温度
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