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Placidochromis milomo


Placidochromis milomo
Milomo Hap
米洛柔慈鲷
Placidochromis milomo is best characterized by its rubber lips, which are recurved and swollen in all directions. In the wild, it is found in the deeper, rocky habitats of Lake Malawi. This species has a genetic propensity for developing these thick lips as is demonstrated in the aquarium, but those who live in turbulent habitats develop especially enlarged lips. This is due to the fact that the aglae in these habitats are very tightly anchored to the substrate. Harvesting them requires not only strong jaws but increased development of the fulcrum. Consequently, the harder and more frequently the lips are pressed against the substrate, the thicker they grow.

Placidochromis milomo is found singly at all locations around the lake. It is a solitary fish, swimming and wandering through its habitat alone. Due to the fact that this fish has a low population density, males only defend a territory if another male in breeding dress is encountered; otherwise, this fish is not territorial. In the wild, sexually active males will approach females (when seen), and if she is interested, she will spawn right there, "on the spot." Only interested females will come close to sexually active males.

Placidochromis milomo can attain a maximum length of 27 cm. In the wild, it feeds on insect larvae and crustaceans found in the biocover as well as mbuna fry. In the aquarium they readily adapt to flake food. Larger fishes from the species should be fed pellet food. I also recommend the European Shrimp Mix.


成鱼最大体长是27厘米左右。幼鱼和雌鱼体色为白色并有褐色不规则的竖条纹。成熟的雄鱼是头部呈蓝色,身体侧面会因光线照射角度的不同而呈蓝色或者红色,非常美丽。非常可惜的是人工繁殖个体的嘴唇没有野生个体那么明显,因为在水族箱里的安逸生活很难让它们独特的厚嘴唇发挥作用,随着人工种的不断繁殖,这个非常有代表性的厚嘴唇就慢慢的退化、变小。紫红六间非常容易饲养,但是繁殖却有一些难度。主要原因是强健的雄鱼在水族箱里攻击性非常强。特别是繁殖时期他的攻击性到最高点,很多时候近乎于疯狂。如果紫红六间在水族箱里没有占到强势地位或者不在繁殖时期的话,这种鱼会比较温和。如果条件适宜的话,这种鱼也能够比较容易的繁殖出来。如果雄鱼已经呈现婚姻色但是雌鱼还没有准备好的话,雄鱼会非常猛烈的攻击雌鱼,往往会导致雌鱼死亡。所以需要注意观察,发现问题尽早解决。在原生地,他们吃无脊椎动物。水族箱里头会非常乐意吃各种人工饲料。植物性、动物性饲料混合使用最好。

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