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Neolamprologus leleupi


Neolamprologus leleupi
Tanganyika Lemon Cichlid
黄天堂鸟
Neolamprologus leleupi, also known as Lemon Cichlid, is one of the cichlids of genus Neolamprologus endemic to Lake Tanganyika. The color of this fish ranges from bright yellow to deep brown depending on which area of the lake it is from. Adult length is about 10 centimeters. This relatively small cichlid is a substrate spawner (cave spawner). Its natural habitat is in the recesses of the biotope where it finds shelter from predators and feeds on invertebrates living in the rich biocover of the substrate. This fish is easily confused with the very similar Neolamprologus longior a fish also endemic to Lake Tanganyika.
This fish is relatively simple to keep, as long as water values are kept constant and the aquarium is more than 80 cm long and containing over 130 liters of water. It is relatively aggressive towards its own kind, and any other fish that comes into its territory. N. leleupi is dependent on rock formations to feel secure and to be able to make a home in the tank. They are omnivorous and will accept most commercial foods, live foods or home made shrimp mixtures.
The water mass in Lake Tanganyika is huge and very stable. The low exchange of water and the local geology makes the water quite alkaline and it contains a lot of dissolved salts. It is recommended to copy the local water chemistry if keeping fishes from the great African lakes. Recommended water values: pH: 7.5 - 8.5, water hardness, (dH), from 10º to 20º and temperature between 24ºC - 28ºC. It is possible to wean the fish on to tap water - treated for chlorine if it does contain chlorine, but this has to be done gradually and with caution.
If given enough hiding space and recesses a pair will easily spawn. A pair is easiest to get from a group of about six juveniles. After a while in the tank a breeding pair will form and defend a territory. At this time they can be very aggressive. The spawning takes place inside a cave where the eggs are laid. The parents provide some parental care.

特征: 体修长而侧扁。体与各鳍一致呈鲜黄色,头部较暗。具单一背鳍且基底长,具截型宽尾鳍,腹鳍与臀鳍稍长且微向后拖。雌雄不易区分,一般而言雄鱼头部较厚且大,此外头盖骨有稍隆起之现象,腹鳍亦较雌鱼为长。 栖所生态 属中底栖性水层之热带淡水鱼,为肉食性,且只食活饵。但性情温和,为一夫一妻制之鱼种,会筑洞饲育后代,雌鱼有护卵之行为,而雄鱼则负责防守其领域。产卵约100-150粒。
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