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Pterophyllum scalare


Pterophyllum scalare
Angelfish
神仙鱼

Albino Red Eye Angel 
白化神仙(红眼)
Albino Tancho (Red Eye) Angel
白化红顶神仙(红眼)
Black Angel
黑神仙
LT Black Angel
长尾黑神仙
 Golden Angel
黄金神仙
 LT Golden Angel
长尾黄金神仙
Red Face Golden Angel
红脸黄金神仙
  LT Red Face Golden Angel
长尾红脸黄金神仙
Half Black Angel
黑白神仙
LT Half Black Angel
长尾黑白神仙
 Leopard Angel
豹点神仙
LT Leopard Angel
长尾豹点神仙 
Marble Angel
黑斑神仙
LT Marble Angel
长尾黑斑神仙
Marble Golden Angel
三色神仙
LT Marble Golden Angel
长尾三色神仙 
 Platinum Angel
白金神仙
Silver Angel
银神仙
LT Silver Angel
长尾银神仙
Zebra Angel
斑马神仙 
LT Zebra Angel
长尾斑马神仙
Zebra Lace Angel
花边斑马神仙
LT Zebra Lace Angel
长尾花边斑马神仙
 


Pterophyllum scalare, the species most commonly referred to as angelfish or freshwater angelfish, is the most common species of Pterophyllum held in captivity. Its natural habitat includes the Amazon River basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil, particularly the Ucayali, Solimões and Amazon rivers, as well as the rivers of Amapá in Brazil, the Oyapock River in French Guiana and the Essequibo River in Guyana. It is found in swamps or flooded grounds where vegetation is dense and the water is either clear or silty. 
Because of its popularity, Pterophyllum Scalare has been massively breeded in farms and lots of hybrids are nowadays available. Angelfish are laterrally compressed with elongated fins. Their dorsal and anal fins are very developed and their body is in a triangular shape. Pterophyllum Scalare can be sometimes shy and needs hiding spaces. Caves and shaded areas can be created with rocks and plants. Although it is known to respect plants, it is often better to use hardy tall plants (Vallisneria for example). Some floating plants can be used to dim lighting and some open swimming spaces are required. Angelfish can become quite big and a tall tank is strongly recommended. Pterophyllum Scalare likes to swim in the middle and the top of the tank. They are usually good with plants and do not dig into the substrate unlike some other Cichlids.
Angelfish are usually not too demanding regarding water conditions, however nitrates have to be under control and frequent water change will definitely help. They can be kept alone or in groups They can also be kept in a community tank as long as their mates are piced carrefully. Angelfish get along quite well with medium size Tetra and other Cichlids. Livebearers can also be added to the community tank but they have to be big enough not to get eaten.  

神仙鱼,又名燕鱼、天使、小神仙鱼、小鳍帆鱼等,丽科鱼属,原产南美洲的圭亚那、巴西。神仙鱼长12-15厘米,高可达15-20厘米,头小而尖体侧扁,呈菱形。背鳍和臀鳍很长大,挺拔如三角帆,故有小鳍帆鱼之称。从侧面看神仙鱼游动,如同燕子翱翔,故神仙鱼又称燕鱼。神仙鱼体态高雅、游姿优美,虽然它没有艳丽的色彩,但是,受水族爱好者欢迎的程度是任何一种热带鱼无可比拟的,似乎还没有发现一个饲养热带鱼多年的爱好者没有饲养过神仙鱼的事例,神仙鱼几乎就是热带鱼的代名词,只要一提起热带鱼,人们往往第一联想就是这种在水草丛中悠然穿梭,美丽得清尘脱俗的鱼类。
神仙鱼性格十分温和,对水质也没有什么特殊要求,在弱酸性水质的环境中可以和绝大多数鱼类混合饲养,唯一注意的是鲤科的虎皮鱼和孔雀鱼,这些调皮而活泼的小鱼经常喜欢啃咬神仙鱼的臀鳍和尾鳍,虽然不是致命的攻击,但是为了保持神仙鱼美丽的外形,还是尽量避免将神仙鱼和它们一起混合饲养。

Max. Size (最大大小) 15 - 20 cm
pH 6.5 - 7.2
Temp. (水温) 24 - 28 degrees celsius
Water Hardness (水的硬度) 6 - 9 dH
Salinity (盐度)  
Stocking Ratio (放养比例) 1 Male:2 Female, (1雄:2雌)
Diet (饮食) Omnivorous (杂食性)
Life Span (寿命) 5 - 9 years , (5 - 9年)
   
Sexing
Extremely difficult. Look for a slight cichlid hump on mature males, although it's not always accurate. The best way to sex is to look at the breeding tubes on a pair when they are spawning. The male's breeding tube will be much smaller than the female's
性别鉴定 分别雌雄神仙鱼可从他们生殖乳突的不同加以区别,雄鱼的输精管是细而尖而雌鱼的输卵管是粗而圆,产卵后2-3天会孵化,刚刚孵化的小于会以一根细丝附着在产卵床上大约一个星期,利用完卵黄囊后,成鱼会用口移动子稚鱼到安全的地方这段时间亲鱼会负责照顾小鱼,你可以在一旁不打扰他们静静观察他们育子的有趣行为
Origin Amazon River basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil, particularly the Ucayali, Solimões and Amazon rivers, as well as the rivers of Amapá in Brazil, the Oyapock River in French Guiana and the Essequibo River in Guyana
起源地 南美洲
   
Tank Compatibility/
Environment Specifications
Compatible with some South American Cichlids such as the German Blue Ram or any of the Apistogramma species. Do not keep with small tetras or other small fish 3.8cm (1.5") and under, they may well become lunch, or overly aggressive fish. Avoid known fin nippers such as Tiger Barbs or Serpae Tetras. Other territorial mid-top dwellers such as Betta splendens and Gouramis are not advisable either as they may become too curious towards the Angels.
This fish requires a water column at least 38cm (15") in depth as these fish grow tall rather than long. This fish likes an area of substrate to sift through while looking for food. Care should be taken however, if the substrate consists of small pea gravel that it should accidentally choke on a piece. They also appreciate live plants, good filtration, and plenty of swimming room.
其他鱼类的兼容性/
环境规格
适合单养或与同类鱼混养。 适合混养的鱼类:七彩神仙[同属温驯鱼种]、皇冠琵琶鼠[好处是可以清除残饵]、大胡子异形、三间鼠.
神仙鱼的饲养水温一般是控制在24—28℃之间,在这以温度范围内,神仙鱼的食欲旺盛,生长迅速,它不受外界气温变化影响,始终维持在一个相对稳定的状态中
   
Diet/Feeding Regime Angels will accept most foods include live/frozen such as brine shrimp and good quality cichlid pellets. Keep the diet varied for optimum health. Fed 1-2 times a day.
饮食饲喂制度 鱼虫、水蚯蚓、纤虫、黄粉虫、小活鱼、颗粒饲料等. 每天一次到两次.
   
Breeding  
繁殖  
   
Disease  
病症  


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