Tylototriton shanjing


Tylototriton shanjing
Emperor Newt
皇帝蝾螈
The emperor newt (Tylototriton shanjing) is a highly toxic newt native to southeast Asia.
The emperor newt, also known as the Mandarin newt or Mandarin salamander, can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) long. It has a ridged orange head from which a single orange ridge runs along its back. This ridge is lined with two parallel rows of orange bumps on a black background. The tail and legs are entirely orange. The shade of the orange can be variable
T. shanjing might seem like easy prey because of its bright coloration, however, it is generally nocturnal, and the top of its vertebrae and skull have especially thick bone. Additionally, the orange warts on its back are poison glands, and when the newt is grabbed, the tips of the ribs will squeeze out poison from the glands. Emperor newts have enough toxin to kill approximately 7,500 mice. Although some of them would have poison, you can feel free to handle it because it is not an aggressive animal.
Emperor newts live in the high mountain province of Yunnan, China, between 1,000 feet (300 m) to 2,500 feet (760 m) feet above sea level. They inhabit pools and slow-moving streams in subtropical forests
The emperor newt usually eats small insects in its environment, Such as crickets and worms. Emperor newts in captivity are typically given wax worms, crickets, and earth worms.

分布于云南西部。体长可达二十厘米。栖息于山地间的落叶下方或山沟等潮湿区域。雌性体型较肥大,雄性相对瘦小。五至八月为繁殖期,水中求偶、交配。交配后,雌性寻找适合的水草产卵,通常可产四十至六十颗卵。蝾螈除了养做宠物外,也做为药材使用。植物为缀化的仙人掌,即植株形态发生不规则变异的个体。
金麒麟在市场上比较不容易见到,虽然售价也不高,但是这种蝾螈是比较不容易饲养的种类,对于环境和食物的要求都比较高,并不适合做为入门蝾螈.否则以它那种特殊的外型与色彩搭配,在国内外的蝾螈类中都可以算是与众不同的.通常栖息于3000公尺以上的山区,市面上的个体多半是在怒江和澜沧江流域所采集到的野生个体。
金麒麟生性胆小,所以通常都是深居简出,终日躲在洞穴中,到夜间才出来觅食,十足的夜型性,由于胆怯的个性使得它们很容易受到紧迫而影响免疫能力,所以容易受到霉菌和其他病菌感染,同时它们对治疗药物都不太有反应,因此治疗效果多半不佳,死亡率也就比一般蝾螈高.不过经过长期饲养,金麒麟还是能够学会与主人做有限度的互动.
  饲养缸以陆地为主,因为金麒麟除了在繁殖期以外鲜少下水,所以除非有繁殖的计画,饲养缸可以不需要设置水泽区.底材以无菌培养土为主,最好混合30%的沙土,以免湿度过高.种上耐阴植物和青苔墨丝等并且要提供躲藏的处所,金麒麟可以群养,但是不可与其他种类供养以免遭受紧迫.食物以一般蟋蟀,面包虫,蚯蚓,蜗牛,肉片等,蟋蟀可以拔去后腿或是于冰箱中冷一下,以降低活动力便于蝾螈捕食.通常饲养缸除了植物所需的灯光外,可以不需要其他灯光和保温.
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